Researchers have claimed that staring at smartphone screens for too long can cause an excess of light exposure which could shorten the lifespan of users.
According to The Mail Online:
“As screen time among almost all humans increases – a natural part of the digital world – researchers are warning that too much light exposure every day can have disastrous long-term consequences.
Researchers at the Buck Institute, a Bay Area nonprofit that investigates matters related to aging and age-related disease, found that light exposure to the eyes can disrupt the circadian rhythm, and as a result, cause or worsen chronic disease.
Because the eyes are constantly exposed to the outside world – unlike many other organs – their immune defenses are more active. Over-active defenses can disrupt internal body processes, and cause harm to other organs as a result.
‘Staring at computer and phone screens, and being exposed to light pollution well into the night are conditions very disturbing for circadian clocks,’ Dr Pankaj Kapahi, a professor and nutrition expert at the institute, said in a release.
‘It messes up protection for the eye and that could have consequences beyond just the vision, damaging the rest of the body and the brain.’
The research team notes that previous research has noted a correlation between poor overall health and eye disorders.
Dr Brian Hodge, a researcher at the institute, explains that every cell in the body operates on a circadian clock.
These clocks operate on 24 hour cycles, having evolutionarily adjusted to dealing with the daily day-night cycle.
Nearly every cell in the body operates on this cycle in one way or another, leading to it impacting every single bodily function.
Many people’s circadian rhythms are being disrupted, though, as life stressors, device usage and other factors are leading to people sleeping less now than before.
Light in particular can disrupt these cycles even further.
The researchers explain that the eyes become inflamed when exposed to light, a normal body process for the organs that face the outer world.
Where problems arise are when the eyes are inflamed for too long, which can cause or worsen some chronic diseases.
Kapahi and Hodge discovered this when they took part in research on fruit flies to see how exposure to food, light and other factors would affect their lifespan and body processes.”